The play is about Ranevskaya, an aristocratic Russian, and her family, who returns to the family mortgaged goods just before it is auctioned to pay the loan. The manor is also a large and famous garden with cherry trees. The family will receive during the game an opportunity to save the remaining cherry orchard and the estate intact by selling it to a nouveau riche farmer whose father was a former employee of the family. By also marry one of the daughters in the family with the new rich farmer can goods still held by the family. But Ranevskaya believe to the last that everything will resolve itself without her having to humiliate his aristocratic background by allowing a former subordinate to take over her fädernesgods. So stop playing with the family leave the nest while the cherry trees are cut down. The game reflects, in miniature, of the global social changes that came in the beginning of the 1900s, as the middle class increased the status and influence of the aristocracy decreased.